Tuesday, September 30, 2008

Is Time Travelling possible???

Ever since Einstein revealed his special theory of relativity, we've known that time travel—at least moving forward through time—is possible.

So how does time travel work?

Theory of relativity - the Basics

...the speed of light in a vacuum is constant and an absolute physical boundary for motion. This does not have a major impact on a person's day to day life since we travel at speeds much slower than light speed. For objects traveling near light speed, however, the theory of relativity states that objects will move slower and shorten in length from the point of view of an observer on Earth. Einstein also derived the famous equation, E = mc2, which reveals the equivalence of mass and energy. When Einstein applied his theory to gravitational fields, he derived the "curved space-time continuum" which depicts the dimensions of space and time as a two-dimensional surface where massive objects create valleys and dips in the surface. This aspect of relativity explained the phenomena of light bending around the sun, predicted black holes as well as the background radiation left from the Big Bang. For his work on relativity, the photoelectric effect and blackbody radiation, Einstein received the Nobel Prize in 1921.

In simple words...if we can travel at the speed of light, we can break the time barrier.

One simple question which should be taken into consideration is that if some sort of vehicle is created can the human body withstand that kind of speed???

It is just a theory though :)

"Race" Conversions only happen in Malaysia!

Can you convert to another race???

I came across some articles in MALAYSIAKINI which you might find interesting as they seem to highlight something that we have long taken for granted as The Way of the World, for Malaysia at least! Here it is commonly assumed and understood that by virtue of of conversion to Islam you constitutionally become a Malay.

Umno full of 'non-Malay' leaders
by Jamiliah Kassim | Nov 19, 07 4:34pm

The Indian-Muslim opportunists in Umno
by AM Raj | Nov 21, 07 6:16pm

Some points from these articles.

  • Malaysia is the only place in the world where one can change one’s race.
  • Many of them, indeed, occupy senior positions in Umno.
  • There is another Umno leader whose late father was a state MIC chief!
  • They continue to make a mockery of the New Economic Policy by grabbing opportunities meant for the bumiputeras.

Are these people trying so hard to convert to become the "Malay" merely for reasons associated to the Malay special rights or is it simply fashionable these days to be called a Malay and ostracizing your own? Indeed we are a long way from a bANGSA mALAYSIA

SAPP and UPKO - the power balance!

How significant are they?
What harm could an UPKO exit do to (Sabah) BN, already hit by the SAPP withdrawal???
Do examine the chart below.

Monday, September 29, 2008

UPKO: NRD making locals foreigners and foreigners citizens!

KOTA KINABALU: Parti Upko is threatening to review its position in the Barisan Nasional if the National Registration Department fails to rectify its mistake of making an elderly bumiputra citizen into a permanent resident.

Sunday, September 28, 2008

Top 10 Scientific Breakthroughs of 2007

Not intersted in details but just want to keep in touch with the scientific world? Want a recap on what happened in the past year? Well then visit this website to update yourself!

China Completes Spacewalk!


The Spacewalk!

The spacewalk lasted just for about 15 minutes, which was shorter than the planned 20 minute walk.Although shorter, it
was an important step in China's ultimate ambition of building a space station and reaching the moon.

Aryan Invasion Theory Debunked???

Has the Aryan Invasion Theory been disproven?
Is it just a MYTH?
Is it true that Archeology does not support the Aryan Invasion theory?

Well its up to the viewer to decide :)

Below are some video links on the above-said.

Brief preview:

Ancient Vedic Literature and Modern Scientific findings!
The Aryan invasion Theory were simply imaginary thoughts created by
European Indologists with an imperial mindset who wanted to
suppress,control and convert their colonial subjects ; the followers
of vedic culture, by "educating" them.They misinterpreted the vedas
and made indians ashamed of their own culture.Therefore it just remains
a theory with no data to support.

Saturday, September 27, 2008

Teresa Kok receives warning message!

Bomb attack on Malaysian opposition pol's home!

Agence France-Presse
First Posted 13:51:00 09/27/2008

Kok said she was called a "pig" in the message and warned to "stay out of trouble or you and your family will be burned."

"The family was very shaken and now fear for their safety. I am deeply concerned about the personal safety of my family now," Kok said.


Teresa Kok's home target of Molotov Attack!

House Of Teresa's Parents Hit By Molotov Cocktail around 2.55am!

She will hold a press conference this afternoon at her parents' house on the incident.

Who Wants to Live Forever?

Born in 1875, Jeanne Calment died in 1997 aged 122 years and 164 days

Do you want to live for hundreds of years? By tweaking our DNA, we could soon survive for hundreds of years. A genetically engineered organism that lives 10 times longer than normal has been created by scientists in California. But as always the hurdle is translating that into a Human being.

By deleting two genes within the yeast's genome and putting it on a calorie-restricted diet, scientists were able to extend the lifespan tenfold. Of cause it’s unrealistic to do the same on a human gene and expect the same results. But some scientists believe it can be done. But they are facing many difficulties and this is not including moral and ethical issues. One of the major concerns includes quality of the extended life period.

Digital archive on Malaysia's political history!

Dear friends....Do make yourselves free to visit this interesting and informative site!

Introducing the first ever digital archive of significant documents and events of Malaysia which includes,press releases,speeches,party documents,reports,conferences and so on.

This new digital archive on Malaysia's political history is called - Digitalibrary

Digital Archive on Malaysia: A project of Malaysiakini.com, with assistance of Asia Foundation and Friedrich Naumann Foundation

The digital archive aims to build an online collection of historical documents, books, photos, publications and personal memoirs that is open to the public in order to build a better understanding of Malaysia's recent political history, contributing towards a healthy and informed discussion of Malaysia's political future.

Members of the public are invited to download and use the materials hosted here. Please note that materials have been released under the Creative Commons Malaysia public use license that allows reproduction of material for personal usage and non commercial purposes only. Those wishing to republish the materials MUST request permission from copyright holders.

Readers are also invited to send historical material to Malaysiakini for hosting in this archive. (Please read the release form before sending such material.) Overtime, Malaysiakini hopes to expand this collection to include any material relevent to Malaysia's history.

from digitalibrary

Happy Reading

Friday, September 26, 2008

China's FIRST ever Space Walk!

The THREE day mission.

China has sent 3 Taikonauts in its Shenzhou VII space vehicle to accomplish a three day space walk mission which is part of the Project 921 manned space programme.It is only the third nation to accomplish such a feat after Russia and the USA.Russia and the United States conducted their first space walks in 1965, and in 1969.

Did you notice the coincidence with the number 3?

THREE - Day Mission
Project 921 - 9+2+1=12
THREE - Taikonauts.
THREE - With reference to being only the THIRD nation to succeed

So... next stop??


That is going to be China's next mission

Thursday, September 25, 2008

How Effective???

Courtesy of the Star

The recent reduction of the fuel price in Malaysia was aimed at easing inflationary pressures ahead of the festive season.However, how much good can a mere 10 sen(petrol) reduction do in reducing the burden during a festive season when spending is inevitable.

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD)?

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (USA) ADHD is the most common mental disorders that develop in children.

Symptoms of ADHD will appear over the course of many months, and include:
  • Impulsiveness: a child who acts quickly without thinking first.
  • Hyperactivity: a child who can't sit still, walks, runs, or climbs around when others are seated, talks when others are talking.
  • Inattention: a child who daydreams or seems to be in another world, is sidetracked by what is going on.
  • Children with ADHD are also more likely to be depressed, anxious and obsessive, and may have some problems with speech, language and coordination.

ADHD is also called attention deficit disorder (ADD) or hyperactivity. The disorder shouldn't be confused with normal, boisterous childhood behaviour.

What causes it?

An inherited imbalance of neurotransmitters (chemicals that transmit nerves signals in the brain). One of the main problems in ADHD seems to be that the brain fails to filter the huge amount of stimulation we receive every minute of every day.

Diet may be a factor - parents have long claimed that food additives can aggravate hyperactive behaviour and research by the Food Standards Agency and Southampton University has shown that certain mixtures of artificial food colours, alongside sodium benzoate - a preservative used in ice cream and confectionary - are linked to increases in hyperactivity.

Wednesday, September 24, 2008

MIC: PM to consider freeing Hindraf leaders!

Does the above sound believable?

Apparently the government is under pressure from some (BN) component parties to free them.
Here is a report by SinChew.com

Two Barisan Nasional (BN) component parties, through their youth wings, are now calling on the government to release R. Kengadharan, 41, M. Manoharan, 47, V. Ganabatirau, 35, P. Uthayakumar, 47, and K. Vasantha Kumar, 35, dubbed the Hindraf five.

Senator T. Murugiah, Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Department and PPP Youth chief, in a statement today said he met Deputy Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak early this morning to seek the release of the Hindraf leaders.


Today(24th) the Star reported that the Prime Minister has promised (MIC President) Samy Vellu that he will discuss this matter with the Home Minister.

“Abdullah informed me that he will study the situation and recommend appropriate action. We have full faith and trust in the Prime Minister and we believe he will do something positive on this matter,” Samy Vellu said.

Now everybody is trying to win the Public's trust

Anwar Ibrahim to send letter to Agong!

Opposition leader Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim said Wednesday Pakatan Rakyat will send a letter to Yang di-Pertuan Agong Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin on the transfer of power from Barisan Nasional to the opposition pact, and the request to convene a special parliament session.

Nuclear Malaysia???

Malaysia is planning to use Nuclear Energy by the year 2023!

This is due to the high cost of natural gas and fossil fuels therefore the government seeks to explore other alternatives and Nuclear energy appears to top the list.

Eighty five percent of electricity generated in the nation is produced by fossil fuels such as natural gas, oil and coal.
Currently, there is no nuclear power generation plant in Malaysia and neither is there a plan to embark on a nuclear power programme in the foreseeable future. The only nuclear reactor in the country is a 1 megawatt-thermal research reactor owned and operated by Nuclear Malaysia.

Why not explore the potential of wind (power) turbines, solar power and biofuel which will be cleaner and less hazardous???

My favourite is wind power or solar energy......

MALAYSIAN Dairy Firms : Our Milk is Safe.

Three major dairy producers stated in a press conference yesterday that Malaysian milk was safe for consumption as they do not import milk powder from China.

None of the raw materials for dairy products sold in Malaysia were sourced from China and therefore were safe from melamine, they said.

Why TIE ourselves ???

This morning, over breakfast, i was thinking of just how we humans tend to judge people by how they dress and present themselves regardless of the situation. You might naturally judge someone who appears to be smart and well dressed to be a decent, well mannered and educated person while looking down on those who choose to be simple and down to earth though decently attired.

Now what does "smart and well dressed" mean?
Wearing a tie has become so artificially enforced that psychologically we have come to associate it with that of being a gentleman.Official attire u say??? Well i choose to differ.....but then again....how do we judge people and what defines gentlemanly attire or professional attire?

Times have changed from colonial to post colonial and now even post modern times.Why are we still governed by such old thinking?As for me i try my best to "not wear the tie and fold my sleeves instead of buttoning them up" . Does that make me less of a gentleman or not well dressed? If the situation demands a tie and long buttoned sleeves then alright....but have you noticed people roaming around in coat suits or say long sleeves(buttoned) and tie(in the sun)?
Im speaking from a man's point of view....I'm sure women will have lots more to say :)

One thing is for sure....we r judged from the way we dress.
How about you....how do you judge people???
Hope to hear some views from you guys :)

The First Radio Station in Asia - Did you Know???

Its Sri Lanka!

Radio Ceylon started experimental broadcasting in 1923 just 3 years after the inauguration of broadcasting in Europe!

Edward Harper who came to Ceylon as Chief Engineer of the Telegraph Office in 1921, was the first person to actively promote broadcasting in Ceylon.

Tuesday, September 23, 2008

BBC (1999) - Lost Continent Discovered???

On the 27th of May 1999, this news article was published.

Is this the evidence???

"Drilling by the Joides Resolution research vessel, which traverses
the seas extracting samples from beneath the sea floor, suggests that
the continent, about a third the size of present day
Australia, sank
from sight only 20 million years ago."

The Lost Continent - Fact or Fiction???

Map of Lemuria from "Babaja and the 18 Siddha Kriya Yoga Tradition"

The Theory!

With reference to the map above there are some interesting accounts of this "Then Kumari Kandam(Kumari Continent)available in old Tamil literature. But the information is not complete. The only information we know now is that there was a vast land mass that was submerged inside the Indian Ocean. It had a river also called "Pahruli Aaru". This land mass was there to the south of present day's Kanya-kumari. There is also a theory in Geographical sciences that there was a very big continent stretching from africa to east-indies. There are evidences to bolster their claims. Infact they even claim that India and Sri lanka were once a united landmass. The submergence of the continent should have been a slow and gradual process. The outcome being scattered
island-groups from Africa to Australia. Madagaskar, Lakshadweep,Andamans, and Indonesian islands may all be fragments of this massive continents.

Ancient Tamil litarature also indicates the reconstruction of
Madurai city(modern day) at least 3 times spanning the the 3 sangams
(Tamil Academies).This period is known as the Sangam age.
The Madurai city mentioned in the literatures of Sangam age was
located on the shores of bay-of-bengal. It submerged into the sea
and the Pandya king redesigned the city at a place called
Kapatapuram. This again was submerged after some time and so the
King built third Madurai beyond the reaches of the sea.

The recent Tsunami which hit south asia helps reaffirm the theory of
the sumberged or lost continent.Perhaps Tsunamis had accured before,
on a larger scale and wiped out the earlier Tamil civilisation.

Lemuria (Mu)

"Mu is another name for Lemuria. The Lemurians were apparently a
short, stocky, dark-skinned Matriachal race. There is good evidence
for the land of Lemuria - much better than evidence for Atlantis.
It is placed in the Pacific Ocean, covering from India, across
Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific Islands to Hawaii in the north
and Easter Island in the east. There are coral reefs in deep water
off the coast of some of the Pacific Islands, suggesting that at one
time the land was higher (or that the sea level was much lower).

Govindam's "Babaja and the 18 Siddha Kriya Yoga Tradition" shows a
map of India in 30,000 BC, joining India to Australia (it also shows
Mt Meru as one of the mountain peaks - other sources put Mt Meru at
the north pole, or as another name for the Great Pyramid in Egypt!)."

Monday, September 22, 2008

How much do you LOVE yourself???

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)

Basic diagnostic criteria:

Believes that he or she is "special" and unique and can only be understoodby other special people.

Excessive admiration of himself/herself.

Is often envious or believes others are envious of him or her.

Has a grandiose sense of self-importance (e.g., exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements)

Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love.

In simple words, this person thinks of himself/herself of being the greatest gift to mankind/humanity.

So, ask yourself.....are you, or anyone around you Narcissistic?

Ayurvedic medicine gives Alzheimer's hope!

Scientists in the UK and India are examining the ancient Indian ayurvedic medicine for possible use in drugs to treat Alzheimer's disease.

Researchers say ayurveda works in the same way as conventional drugs for boosting mental agility in the disease.They found that the plants used in ayurveda acted to improve memory and concentration in Alzheimer's sufferers.


13,000 children hospitalised in China milk scare

China said nearly 13,000 children were in hospital Sunday after drinking toxic milk powder in a dramatic escalation of Beijing's latest safety scandal.

As the World Health Organization questioned Beijing's handling of the crisis, premier Wen Jiabao appeared on state television promising to head off further incidents.

But a Hong Kong toddler also became the first child affected outside the mainland and more countries moved to bar Chinese milk products.

The health ministry said 12,892 infants were in hospital with 104 babies in serious condition, according to the official Xinhua news agency.


Love Addiction!

Have you heard about the above???
Do you believe in this so called medical or psychological disorder called "Love Addiction" ?

Love addiction comes in many forms, from those love addicts who are obsessed with their lovers and cant let go or end a relationship or being excessively attached to another person, to those who get addicted or obsessed to the ecstatic effects or joys of romance.

I'm rather curious about those who are obsessed with the ecstatic effects of romance and those who want to be in a constant state of euphoria.

Apparently, people who are affected by this particular type of love addiction would court women...fall in love and once the fire fizzles away, dump his/her lover and start all over again with another.They only long for that initial feeling involved in courting someone and falling in love.Sounds strange but such people do exist.Looks like its a kind of intoxication for them :)

What do u think about this so called disorder?
Is it just a lame excuse given by flirts and casanovas or is this a genuine medical problem?

A DARKER side to this problem with regards to the other kinds of love addiction is that many suicides, murders, stalkings, rapes and other crimes of passion are said to have their roots in this addiction.

Sunday, September 21, 2008

Melamine contamination in MILK and COFFEE from China!

Melamine is said to be the culprit behind tainted baby milk products as well as fresh milk samples along with the recent discovery of tainted coffee in Taiwan, imported from China and this has led to milk products from China being banned in Malaysia and Singapore.

What is Melamine???
  • A synthetic polymer which is fire resistant and heat tolerant.
  • Uses for melamine include whiteboards , floor tiles, kitchenware, fire retardant fabrics, and commercial filters. Melamine can be easily moulded while warm, but will set into a fixed form.
How did it end up in our milk and coffee???

Melamine may have been added to fool government quality tests after water was added to fraudulently increase the milk's volume. The adulterant melamine was added to the milk to allow the company to dilute the milk with water and circumvent government regulations, since melamine will cause a false increase in the measurement of protein by increasing the nitrogen levels in the milk.

First our Pets were killed......

Because of the unexplained presence of melamine in wheat gluten added to mass-produced dog and cat foods.

Now our Babies are killed....

This month in China, 3 babies died and
59 babies were hospitalized.

I suspect the number could be even more...
Maybe evan rising as i type....

Think about it before you have your next cup of coffee.
A cup of coffee ...or milk will never be the same......for now at least.


KEMENTERIAN Pelajaran menerima 59,176 permohonan bagi mengisi 8,908 tempat ditawarkan bagi mengikuti Kursus Perguruan Lepas Ijazah (KPLI) sesi kemasukan Januari 2009.

Calon yang telah menghadiri temuduga boleh menyemak keputusan tawaran pengambilan secara online mulai 24 Disember dan mereka yang berjaya dijadualkan mendaftar kemasukan serentak di semua IPG, 12 Januari tahun depan

for more info

‘Wash Away Those Cataracts’

Can you imagine a world where you can just use eye drops to cure cataracts? I mean literally going down to a pharmacy shop, getting the drops, applying it that very day and it’s gone the next day. It’s as simple as that! Well, that world may be upon us earlier rather than later, with the advancement in medical technology.

Cataracts result from an age-related accumulation of protein and lipids on the eye lenses. Currently, the only form of treatment is to surgically remove the lenses. However, this is an invasive and risky procedure which can lead to the patient becoming blind.

However, there is a new solution. The eye drops called C-KAD, are entering the final stages of clinical testing. If all goes well, they will enter the market in a few years. These eye drops could help to slash the millions of cataracts surgeries performed every year.

More information

Saturday, September 20, 2008

Malaysian Police powerless against curbing abuse of Indian school children????

Dont you find the above ridiculous???

Some Quotes :
...Deputy Superintendent Roslan Ibrahim said no action could be taken against a teacher accused of verbal abuse....
...the maximum they could do was to report such instances to the Education Department....
...it would be difficult to charge a teacher suspected of racially abusing a student unless there is strong supporting evidence and witnesses who are willing to testify in court...

Friday, September 19, 2008

Teresa Kok released !

Teresa Kok released after being detained in solitary confinement in a 6-by-8 holding cell for seven days under the Internal Security Act (ISA)

KPLI, January 2009 INTAKE !

Results for the KPLI; January 2009 intake will be available in December 2008 via : www.moe.gov.my

Failed States Index Scores 2008!

You can access it at the following URL:

http://www.fundforp eace.org/ web/index. php?option= com_content& task=view& id=292&Itemid= 452

(The above is from The Fund for Peace website)

Im not surprised at all !

Malaysia's 'worst in the world' taxis tarnish national image - Regional - MSN Malaysia News - News

Now....why am i not surprised???

Who is Cecil Rajendra???

The Malaysian who earned a nomination for the
Nobel Literature prize in 2005!

LAW and literature. Cecil Rajendra dabbles in both, the former he does full-time and poetry whole-heartedly. Using these talents to full measure, he tackles society's ills such as environmental destruction, poverty, oppression, corruption, racism and injustice with persistence and dedication. The poetic output continues with his latest collection Trail n Terror, and he was nominated for this year's Nobel Prize for Literature. To date, he has published 17 books of poems. His works have been published and broadcast in many countries and translated into several languages, including Japanese, Urdu, Tamil, Chinese, German, Tagalog, Danish and Spanish. Besides being president of the National Human Rights Society Of Malaysia, he is also the founding father of free legal aid in the country. BISSME S. finds out what makes this activist tick in Sun2surf's Conversations :

Thursday, September 18, 2008

Major Religions of the World!

World Economy SLOWING DOWN ???

I have been reading very disturbing news and articles on the current state of the world's economy lately. Inflation in the USA has been Skyrocketing and it is becoming obvious that the global economy has started to slow down and the recent developments in America reflect this trend. Lehman Bros, a global investment giant was filing for bankruptcy protection and Merrill Lynch & Co. one of the world's leading financial management and advisory companies announced it had hastily agreed to sell itself to Bank of America Corp.The U.S government took control of American International Group Inc. in an $85 billion bailout to prevent the bankruptcy of the nation’s biggest insurer.

The American economy's slow down is surely going to affect the global picture and other giants including India and Chine are sure to experience a slowdown.

What's bothering me is the domestic picture which has become so full of internal fighting and power struggle not only between the opposition and government but also within the ruling front (BN). Looks like politicians are too busy trying to outdo one another that they have forgotten about this. I hope it is not too late when the powers that be wake up..........

When America sneezes, the rest of the world catches the cold. This famous phrase originated back in 1929 in the aftermath of the Wall Street crash.

Will we be able to survive the next big "sneeze"???

And yet, they're saying

Our Economy is still in good shape......

Six months Course on Basic Astrology!

The Ancient Healing Manual

This is one of those "must visit" sites if you r in search for the ancient :)


Home remedy for pimples/zits/acne - Best Remedies for Pimples at home

This website provides a list of effective home remedies for the above ;)


Wednesday, September 17, 2008

USM's study on the Origins Of the Malay Race

There is an ongoing project in the Human Genome Center of USM which started in 2005 on the origins of the "malay" race.

Lets hope its outcome will be useful in fostering greater unity in our country.This is with particular reference to the genetic profile which is being compiled in this project.It would among others, highlight the great contribution made by other races in the "evolution" and development of the malay ginetic structure.

Below are more details of this project :

Human Genome Center , School of Health Sciences and Dental School , USM
CURRENT STATUS OF PROJECT: Ongoing ( started : Jan 2005 )

Principle Investigator: Dr. Zafarina Zainuddin
Co-researchers: Dr. Zilfalil Alwi, Prof. Abd. Rani Samsudin, Miss Azlina Ahmad,
Dr. Bakiah Shaharuddin, Dr. Liza Sharmini Ahmad Tajudin, Mr.
Hoh Boon Peng, Mr. Mohamad Ros Sidek, Dr. Nizam Abdullah,
Prof. Norazmi Mohd. Nor, Assoc. Prof. Ooi Keat Gin,
Panneerchelvam, Dr. Zainul Ahmad Rajion, Prof. Zainul


The Malay race inhabits particularly Peninsular Malaysia and portions of adjacent islands of Southeast Asia (SEA), east coast of Sumatra , coast of Borneo and smaller islands between these areas. They were traced by anthropological evidence from the north-western part of Yunnan , in China . The proto-Malays were seafaring people, probably from coastal Borneo who expanded into Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia as a result of trading and seafaring activities. The present day Malays, called Modern Malays of Peninsular Malaysia and coast of the Malay Archipelago are a mixture of different races. They were described as deutero-Malays, descendants of the proto-Malays mixed with modern Indians, Thai, Arab and Chinese. The history and the origin of the Malay race have been the subject of much speculation among scholars. Since the Malays primarily reside within SEA, particularly Peninsular Malaysia, the prehistoric migrations into these regions must be taken into consideration. Several hypotheses of the SEA migration pattern have been put forward. Preliminary studies using mitochondrial DNA analyses suggested affinity of the Southern Mongoloid in the Modern Malay population of Peninsular Malaysia (Zafarina, 2004). The term Melayu or Malay‚ was also associated with the Hindu-Buddhist Srivijaya Empire (7th-13 centuries CE) believed to be located in the South-eastern part of Sumatra . An Arab text dating around 1000 CE observed that travellers bound for China sailed through the sea of Melayu‚ that can be inferred to mean the Straits of Melaka. On opposite shores of the Straits of Melaka by the 7th century CE or earlier, there were the domicile areas of the Malays, namely Sumatra and the Malay Peninsular.
1. To compile the genetic profile of the Malay race.
2. To study the history, social and anthropology of the Malay race.
3. To characterise the craniofacial, dental and ocular features of Malay race.
4. To correlate the genetic profile of the Malay race with their craniofacial, dental and
ocular characteristics.
5. To correlate the genetic profile of the Malay race with its history, social and
6. To trace the origin of the Malay race by using the genetic profile, anthropology,
craniofacial, dental and ocular characteristics.
The research encompasses four parts of studies: The Historical and Socio-cultural Analysis, the Ocular Morphology Analysis, the Craniofacial Morphology Analysis, and the last major part, the Genetic Analysis. Various types of genetic markers are used in the study of the genetic components of the population. These markers are autosomal and Y chromosome STR markers, mtDNA, Human Leucocytes Antigen (HLA) and lastly, the SNP genotyping which will be done using the Microarray 50K genechip system.
1. The tracing of the origin and the migration pattern of the Malay race.
2. Establishing USM as a part of the member of Pacific Pan-Asian SNP Initiative (PASNPI) organized by Human Genome Organization (HUGO)

HABIB Mega Sale

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Tuesday, September 16, 2008

Behind the revolt : Hindraf Rally 2007 Pt. 1

News Clips

A Malaysiakini Production

Documentary Title : Nov25 Behind The Revolt : Chronology of the rage


How is the human body linked to the earth???

This is a short (sanskrit) video clip of "Adi Shankara" movie. In this clip, Shankara explains how the human body is linked to the earth. He explains how the subtle elements get carried on in the gross body.

http://www.youtube. com/watch? v=5jx2x1sTrco

Microsoft Windows XP short cut keys

Check this link out for windows xp short cut keys. You might find it useful ;)


September 16

Finally....September 16 has arrived.The opposition claims to have the numbers to "defeat" the ruling BN government and form a new government. The government denies it and our PM has dismissed it as lies spread my the opposition. Will it come true???


New Government???

Agence France-Presse - 9/15/2008 4:31 PM GMT

Malaysian opposition has numbers to topple govt: Anwar

Malaysian opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim said Monday he has enough support to topple the government and wants to meet with Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi to discuss a handover. After landmark March elections that saw the opposition dramatically increase its seats in parliament, Anwar set a September 16 deadline to oust the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition by persuading at least 30 lawmakers to defect.

"We have the numbers to defeat BN," the opposition leader told a rally of some 10,000 supporters who erupted in wild cheers. "Tomorrow is D-Day, we are ready to form the government."
"Our representatives have delivered a letter to Abdullah to demand a meeting ... to discuss the future of politics in Malaysia and the handover of power," he said.
"We have the numbers but we want to meet with Abdullah, show him the evidence and work out a handover because we want a peaceful transition".

Anwar, a former deputy premier who was sacked and jailed a decade ago, arrived to rapturous applause at the rally held in a Kuala Lumpur stadium, which echoed to chants of "Reformasi" -- the opposition battle cry of "Reform".
Tian Chua, information chief of his Keadilan party, said the three-member opposition alliance had secured a simple majority in parliament and that more government lawmakers would defect later. But he said there were concerns that the coalition -- which has ruled since independence from Britain 51 years ago -- would stoke conflict in order to justify a crackdown to keep itself in power.

"We want Abdullah to assure us there will be no repressive force used, like involving the police or inviting the military to take control," he told AFP. Tian Chua said the opposition's push had been helped by the detention on Saturday of an opposition politician, a prominent blogger and a journalist under draconian internal security laws.

"Abdullah's final crackdown made people lose hope that he is ever going to be a liberal reformer, which he promised," he said. Home Minister Syed Hamid Albar defended the detentions but said it was a police operation and not his idea -- comments ridiculed by the opposition, which said he and Abdullah must be held accountable.

The Pakatan Rakyat opposition alliance made surprise gains in March general elections, seizing control of five states and a third of parliamentary seats in the biggest challenge ever faced by the coalition. The political uncertainty has paralysed investment in recent months, and depressed trading on the stock market which dropped 2.5 percent over last week, and another 2.1 percent Monday as Anwar's takeover deadline loomed.

Spirits were high at the stadium, which was adorned with Malaysian flags and posters demanding the release of the opposition politician and the blogger -- who remain in custody while the journalist was freed. "What Anwar has said will happen soon as all the people are backing him. The change of government will happen very soon now," said Nursikin Bahrom, a 23-year-old student.

"Anwar has promised us a new beginning and we will support him when the battle begins on the 16th... he is our new prime minister and the BN should realise this," said businessman Abdul Aziz Rashid, 36. At the rally, Anwar set out an agenda to fight corruption and protect the rights of all citizens in this multicultural country which is dominated by Muslim Malays but also home to ethnic Chinese and Indian communities."The Pakatan Rakyat government will uphold justice, a free judiciary, a free media and a professional police force," he said.


More links on this update:




Most people believe that the Aryan invasion did take place and that it is the main reason for the fall of the Indus valley Civilisation.It is widely accepted and has become the standard history we find in history textbooks.However the theory that such an event was merely created by the British to divide and rule is becoming popular. Here is an interesting article which offers a different perspective.Stated below are some of the sub-topics found in this article.

  1. An example in British Imperialistic Logic and Racism
  3. Why It Never Occurred
Thanks to:


Monday, September 15, 2008

Comedy Court ! ~ enjoy ~

The official website of Malaysia's foremost Comedy Courtiers, Allan Perera and Indi Nadarajah.


A Sample of Video recordings from past plays...

-Who wants to be a Billionaire
-2 Indians on a Mountain
-General Assembly Crony List
-Lingam's Devil Curry

Inflation - And How It Happens - Watch!

If you have wondered what exactly inflation is, and how it's created, then watch this informative video, by Edward Griffin, done back in 1969. "Attempts by governments to manipulate the amount of money in circulation have always been disastrous."


The Pre-Islamic History of Malaysia and its contribution....Forgotten???

This is an important issue which most of us take for granted.I received this e-mail....very mind stimulating and it's important that we dont forget this part of history which is slowly dissapearing from main-stream history (school text books).

Read :)

Subject: FW: A small piece of History for our future Generation

Hitler's public relations manager, Goebbels, once said, 'If you repeat a lie often enough, it becomes the truth.' Looks like that is what Umno has been doing ever since Mahathir a/l Mohamed came into power. This has spawned a new generation of Malaysians who do not know their own history. Once again our government had to wipe out any references to a famous Melaka prince as being Hindu and belonging to the powerful Hindu empire Sri Vijaya. So all of a sudden our museums, school text-books etc. all refer to Parameswara as a Malay prince. What race ruled or did not rule is besides the point. What is important is not butchering history to create your own truths. You cannot change your race even if you convert - Parameswara could have been responsible for Umno's stupid and false sense of heritage through 'Ketuanan Melayu'.

If this is what it is based on, there is no 'Ketuanan Melayu' because the lineage of Melaka Sultans are Indians, not Malays. It is no secret that Parameswara was an Indian and a Hindu prince. It is clear from records that Parameswara never converted to Islam. He was an Indian Hindu who fled Palembang in Sumatra to eventually found Melaka circa 1400 AD and start the entire Malaysian royalty. Malaysia 's royalty was and is of Hindu/India origin. On the other hand it was Sri Maharaja who converted himself and the court of Melaka to Islam, and as a result took on the name of Sultan Muhammad Shah sometime after 1435. The most famous of Indian Hindu Kings were Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola who invaded Southern Thailand, Kedah, Perak, Johor and Sumatra about 1000 AD. This is Raja-raja Chola - the Indian/Hindu kings and not Raja Chulan - a Malay king. But what is really sad is that our children are taught as though Malaysian history suddenly began in 1400 with an Islamic Melaka. Even the Malays themselves are being cheated by UMNO into believing that everything started around 1400. We are also led to believe that the Indians and Chinese first arrived on the shores of Malaysia only in around 1850 as desperate indentured labourers, farmers and miners. Nothing could be further from the truth. The cultural influences of India in particular, and China, in South East Asia span over 2,000 years, starting perhaps with the arrival from India of the Brahmanical prince/scholar - Aji Saka in Java in AD78, through to Vietnam, Cambodia (Indo China), Thailand, Burma, Indonesia, Bali, Borneo, Brunei and beyond. Malay culture is Indian culture. In fact the whole of South East Asian culture is Indian culture. The findings at Bujang Valley speak of an ancient Indian/Hindu presence in Kedah. There were Chinese settlements in Pahang and Kelantan around the 13th -14th century and in 12th century in Singapore ... The early Brunei Sultanate had a Chinese Queen.

One need not ponder at length the implications of Angkor Wat and Borobudur or that 40%-50% of Bahasa Malaysia comprises Sanskrit/Tamil words. But ALL of these are hidden away from the rakyat inc the Malays themselves so the Malays in particular grow up with limited knowledge of their own country and heritage

To illustrate, some of these words are:
bumi = boomi
putra = putran
raja = rajah
desa = thesam
sakti = sakthi
kolam = kulam
bahaya = abahya
jaya = jeya
maha = maha
aneka = aneha
nadi = naadi
kedai = kadai
mahligai = maaligai
mantra = manthrum
menteri = manteri

(This list can go on and it is true because Tamil and Sanskrit are about 5, 000 years old) An extremely important archeological find that pointed to one of the greatest empires in history - the Raja Cholan empire that ruled from the Maldives through India, Sri Lanka and right down to South East Asia found deep in the jungles of Johor a few years ago and made headlines in the mainstream newspapers in 2005, suddenly disappeared from the news….. The time has arrived for us to record our history as the facts tell us and not as we would like to wish it for. The truth will never hurt anyone. Lies, always will.

Hats off to the writer !
Well done!
I would like to express my thanks to the writer of the above.Im sure it reflects all that we have always known and wanted to say, or in this case write :)

Buddhist Fundamentalism

Have you come across the term Buddhist fundamentalism? My realisation that this is a rather unknown term came about in my final year as an undergrad when my Professor mentioned something during one of my tutorials.He said that the only religion which does not have a fundamentalist, extremist movement is Buddhism! It reflected the popular assumption of Buddhism being a religion of non-violence and peace which is certainly true except when you look closely into the politics and rhetoric of Sri Lankan Buddhist monks who have their own political party(Jathika Hela Urumaya) and radical ideology which so often calls for more blood and seldom sounds consolatory with reference to the ongoing civil war which has claimed more than 60000 lives.

Well, it just revealed his ignorance and i was too tempted to correct him thus i said to him that Buddhist Fundamentalism is very much alive and growing in Sri Lanka.That is where you have Monks actively participating in radical activities besides mantaining a presence in parliament(9Mp's, all of whom are monks).

The monks consider themselves important guardians of state affairs and of Sinhalese Buddhist culture, which they feel has come under threat from Western materialism and from the Tamil Tiger rebels, who are predominantly Hindu.

You could learn more by visiting these links:




The Great Debate

Here is an article which might put to rest the confusion between VARNA and CAST.

Caste System in Hinduism
A Historical and Analytical Approach
– Dr. R.K. Lahiri, PhD
November 20, 2005
The historical background

It is difficult to trace out when the caste system entered into the life of Hindus and how and why there occurred confusion between the Varna System and the caste creation. In fact in the Vedic era, there existed no such division and discrimination among the people.

In the later Vedic period, the Varna system showed its signs of appearance with the classification of Brahmin. The word Brahmin was not used out of any sense of respect. Devas were called kavi and also Brahman but not as Brahmin. The word Brahmin was out of place in the composition of Kavis. They came to be related to rituals and were called the Vedagya Brahmins. It was they who first created distinction in their ranks for financial gains in performance of rituals. This discrimination was based on professional competition. The Kavis began to challenge this discrimination since its very inception. They voiced their grave concern over it.

In the beginning of Rg Veda period, the word Brahman was used but it did not indicate any Varna. Then the word Rajanya followed it. The use of this word Rajanya indicates that even in the later Vedic period the word Kshatriya was not known. The word Rajanya was used in context of a divine power or the power of governance of the king or any other power. During those days, there existed two types of political orders 1 – One based on Kingship and 2 – based on power of ganas or other type of peoples rule. Rajanya was used for kings and other ruling powers or even for a powerful person. It was never used in context of caste. Rg Veda only at one place mentions Sudra and Vaisya each and that too at a very late period in MandalX-10-90-12, though the word Visha has been frequently used as equivalent to common people of a gana.

It can therefore be safely concluded that the caste was never known to exist in the Vedic era.

The word Sudra

There is mention of the word Sudra in the Purush Sukta, but it is proved a later day interpellation. We do not find any mention of the word Sudra in the Brahmanas but they do mention Kshatriyas and Vaisyas but not the Sudras. It may be concluded that the Sudras might have belonged to either of the two mentioned castes and thus there existed no need to mention them separately. It also makes it clear that no section, group or division was considered low in social order.

Chandogya Upanishad says that Guru Raikva taught Jansruti even though he was a cart man (Sudra) Dr Ambedkar, the champion of the low caste people treats Kavas Ailavya as Sudra but he was great exponent of sacrificial rites despite belonging to the lower class. The Ashwani Kumaras, the physician of gods, were not allowed to participate in yajna, but were offered Soma by Maharsi Chayavan. The Vedic king Sudas was a Sudra but was patron of Visvamitra, the Brahmin saint. The conclusion is that no where in ancient India, the low class people were treated and placed so differently and maliciously as they are today in the Hindu social order.

The Nature of free Intermixing of the People

Rg Veda, Sat path Brahman, Taittarya Upanishad, all speak of only the three divisions and none speaks of the fourth one. This leads us to conclude that the Sudras were either a part of Kshatriyas or had their share among the Brahmins. During those days the intermixing among castes was as liberal as it made the cross-over an easy-go. The caste changes were very easy in the process.

Innumerable examples can be cited. The Rsi in the Vedic Sukta says, 'I am a poet , my father was a physician and my mother a pissan ` Rg Veda in( X-102) describes Rsi Mudagalya ,as a warrior -seer with a sword in hand rushing to recover the cows from the thieves. So was Parasuram, famous as a seer with a sphere (Farsa), an edged weapon to fight the battles. The brave seers, Braghus, were carpenters, makers of chariot-bodies. Even among gods, Ribhus, were architects, sculptures and carpenters. These seers and saints were Brahmins and Kshatriyas and Vaisyas, with out any restriction. All belonged to one and the same profession. This is the clear picture that emerges unto the Itihaas and Purana periods.

In the beginning there was flexibility among castes but the caste as a system began to be rigidly adhered to during the Islamic Invasions and their rule of torture leading to conversion. It may probably be the 10th century. Till the time of Gori's attack, there are examples of inter-caste mixing. In the year 1178, the Islamic army of Gori was defeated by the mother of the minor king Mool Raj of Gujarat, who was also the lady chief of the army. As a result, the mustachios and beards of the captured prisoners were cut off and the chiefs were assimilated into the Rajput caste and the rest of the army among the Kolis, Khauts, and other sub-castes. There never existed any rigid observation of the system that separated one from the other. Even the food prepared by the low caste people was consumed by all caste peoples regardless of any reservation. It may be that rigidity came to be observed with the influence of Buddhism and Jainism when the people began to be divided into veg and non-veg. dietary habits.

Jai Chand Vidyalankar in Itihaas Pravesh writes that in the beginning the castes had all the possible flexibility but it began to be rigid in the 10th century, to defend the Hindu life from the barbaric invaders who not only raped, murdered, plundered but also terrorized people towards conversion to Islam.

The power of Assimilation

The Hindu culture was flexible enough to accommodate and assimilate in the main stream the outside influences of different sects and faiths into its fold from time to time. Jawaharlal Lal Nehru says that `Iranians and the Greeks, Parthian and the Bactrian, the Sakyas and the Hunas, and even the Turks of pre-Islamic era, the Christians of pre-Christ era all came one after the other and were absorbed with a little impact in the wide ocean of Hinduism to become a part of the main stream. 'It is well known that a band of Zoroastrians in the 10th century left their mainland Iran to seek a new land of freedom and refuge and found safe in India to settle down. It is here that they are known as Parsis, the people from Persia. The Hindus never tried to eliminate others identity or attack outside territories and extinguish the original people replacing them with Hinduism. It maintained their identity and then assimilated them in the main stream, keeping its basic in check.

In India various racial groups have found refuge and shelter as it always stood for unity in diversity. The Sakas, Hunas, Mongols and even the Christians led by Saint Thomas, Jews and Parsis have all found refuge in India and made it their homeland. All these people merge in the main stream of Hindu life and culture. Hindus always preferred to adopt a very liberal and safe course of assimilation and accommodation. Neither the people lost their identity nor did the Hindu culture deviate from the basic values. It accepted so many idols and customs, deities and rituals brought forth by these people into its stream. How then such a strong culture create differences among its own people and divide them into the absurd structure of the present type caste system?

The Nature of Varna System

The Hindus have Varna System. It is not at all caste-equivalent. It simply indicates a social division based on Gunas There exists all over the world one sort of division or the other in a society, which is so inevitable for social growth and prosperity. Each individual is possessed of a particular ability by nature. One may well perform a physical labor, another may be more of a thinker and some may be artistic some inclined to technology, music. Medicine, trade, industry or any other material or spiritual activity. The Lord speaking on action and inaction in Geeta (IV -13) says,'the four Varnas have been created by Him according to differentiation of Gunas and Karmas.' These Varnas are 1 – Brahmin; 2 – Kshatriya; 3 – Vaisya and 4 – Sudra.

Varna means different shades of texture or color. They represent mental temper. There are three Gunas – Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. Sattva is white, Rajas red and Tamas black. These in combination of various proportions constitute the group or class of people all over the world with temperamental differences. The above classification is based on this assumption. In continuation, Veda Vyasa says in the same couplet, 'by the differentiation of the mental quality and physical action of the people.' It is clear that the type of ones action, the quality of ego, the color of knowledge, the texture of ones understanding, the temper of fortitude and the brilliance of ones happiness defines ones Varna. Not by birth a man becomes Brahmin but by cultivating noble thoughts and good intentions of service alone, one can ever aspire to Brahmin hood.

The Brahmin is generally Sattvik. Sama and Dama are his valuable assets. He is serene and self-controlled and is possessed of the quality of austerity. (Tapas) He has purity, uprightness and forbearance. He has a will to acquire knowledge (Jnan), Vigyan (Wisdom) and faith.

The Kshatriya is a warrior class, powerful of physique and might. They are possessed of more of Rajas Guna with base of Sattva. They have a duty to protect the Dharma and the people. They are bold, alert and full of fortitude, generosity. discipline and modesty along with masterly behavior mingled with Ishvar Bhava (Love of God).

The Vaisya class is a trader class and prefers business of all kinds. It is possessed of Raj Guna mixed with Tamas. They deal with wealth and gold and strive for material prosperity of the self as well as of the people in general. The Sudras are working class people, artisans and craftsmen. They are physically strong and hard working. They are possessed of Tamas with a base of Rajas. Really speaking, Sudra class is indispensable to society as they are like a spiral chord on which rests the social structure.

Thus it is clear that the whole Varna System stood on the basis of Gunas and karmas of the individual. It has nothing to do with birth. To quote Mahabharata, the serpent god asked Yudhisthir to tell him the virtues of the caste. He says that those Brahmins who were fond of personal pleasures, prone to violence, had forsaken their duties and were red limbo, fell into the category of Kshatriya. Those Brahmins who derived their livelihood from kine, who were yellow and sub-divided by agriculture and who neglected to practice their duties, fell into the category of Vaisyas. Those Brahmins who were addicted to mischief and falsehood and were covetous, lived by all kinds of works and fell from purity and were black went to the condition of Sudra. As a conclusion, the serpent god says that the man in which the marks of a Sudra are not found is no Sudra, whereas while a Brahmin who acts so is not a Brahmin and may be called a Sudra. It is clear that the world being the projection of Brahma is therefore Brahma-roopa and these castes came up later as a creation of man in society. Therefore it stands for modification and change according to times.

The Confusion

Today people have mistaken Varnas for caste and treat them as identical. Varnas are God created and caste is not. Varnas are conditioned with one's actions and desires based on Gunas. The caste is man made. It is simply a social institution and can easily be changed and modified according to changing needs of society. Caste-by-birth was never the original intent nor it ever was the basis upon which the Varnas were constituted, Sutra says that a person should be engaged only in a field of activity that he is capable of doing.

Today we have miserably failed to understand what a Brahmin is. Generally we believe that one is born by birth in a certain class. This belief has keenly been protected and propagated by the vested interests. It also served the policy of divide and rule of the foreign rulers and served an easy prey to conversions. The confusion has been repeatedly tried to be removed by the saints. Vajra Suchikopanishad clearly states that one can not be a Brahmin either by its being, birth, physical equipment of body and color or by wisdom and knowledge nor by religious action even.

Hindus believe in rebirth and countless yonis of births. So the very idea of being born in one birth as Brahmin is unscientific. Even the physical body structure does not make one a Brahmin. The body is made of matter and matter acts uniformly in every clime and time. Every one is so born and there can not be any difference. The ill-found belief that a Brahmin is fair, Kshatriya black, Vaisya yellow and Sudra dark black is entirely baseless. Even the cremation and last rites are the same for all of us. The possession of super brain and knowledge is also not the monopoly of Brahmin alone. Vishvamitra, the warrior was a talented seer and was not a Brahmin. So were many saints, and even Kabir, Dadu, Nabhadas. Raiyadas, the Alvars and the Saivites etc. We have also to remember that even a wise man goes astray and loses the right path.

Vajra Suchikopanishad states clearly that a Brahmin is one who lives and moves in Brahman. He remains above the pair of opposites. He is unmoved in joy and sorrow, pain and pleasure, pride and prejudice, and has conquered desires and is free from ego-sense. The one so equipped is indeed a Brahmin.

The cause of Confusion

It is indeed disheartening that a system based on very sound principles has come to result in such an evil. It is annoying to note that the basic principles of Varna system were distorted beyond any controlled limit in due course of time. During the foreign rule, the caste System that stood firm like a rock in support and defense of our religion and culture lost its metal, when the spirit of exclusiveness was perpetuated by a group of vested interests who gained political and economic mileage over their fellow beings. It soon degenerated into an instrument of oppression and intolerance. It threw away all norms of human behavior and fellowship and distanced man from man with a clear cut division of population even in small village's. This degeneration is man-made and is a social evil. It is the weakness of Hindu society. All other religious groups suffer such evils. Unfortunate it is that others blame the Hindu religion for this whereas they do not blame their religions likewise on such grounds; rather they call it social weakness.

The whole confusion is caused by the differences among the Brahmin class. During Vedic era, there were Brahmins who did all the sacrificial rituals for their own sake. Some others did for others on payment. These Brahmins were looked down as inferior. Gradually the prosperity brought their group in position of advantage and these ritualistic Brahmins imagined Brahman in their own way, They wrote, 'From mouth of Brahman came out the wise priest Brahmin, the warrior Kshatriya was born of his hands, the Vaisyas from the thighs and the Sudra from legs.' (Rg Veda 10-90-12) Dr R.B. Sharma, an authority on Rg Veda in his book `Bharatiya Navajagaran Aur Europe`says that it is an interpellation of a later period. He says that a study of Rg Veda would reveal that the word `Kavi' (Poet, Composer) was used in deep reverence and the word Brahmin does not find a similar mention. Many Devas have been addressed as Kavi and even as Brahman, but no one as Brahmin even once, as these people have been associated with rituals and economy away from the Kavis. They did all that for the sake of more and more remuneration.

Dr Sharma says that the word Sudra comes only once in the mantra and it is here in this mantra that the word Vaisya used only once has been repeated. The word Brahmin has found expression many times but not in the sense of a Varna. More over the word "Kshatriya `is not used in that mantra. The word used is Rajanya and that too only once. It is clear that there was no mention of four Varnas in most of the Rg Vedic period. No one can imagine a Brahmin without a Sudra and a Vaisya. Even in the later Vedic period the word Kshatriya was not prevalent. Rajanya was used as much as the Sudra and Vaisya were used. Scholars conclude that the Sukta is an interpellation. and an after thought. Max Muller and Colebrook both agree that from the point of view of style and language, this mantra is totally different and of a later period. (Sanskrit Ke Char Adhyaya).

Needham in `Science and Civilization Vol II ` points at the penetrating cultural influence of Indian thoughts on Iran. We notice philosophical similarities between Rg Veda and Avesta. It was not accidental. In the third and fourth century, the Indian religious sects had deeply entered into Iranian religious life and had created a great impact. The Greek work `Mangeeste' and the works of Iran were influenced by the concept of four Varnas. They divided the human body into four parts. The Purohit was the head; the warrior was the hand, the agriculturist stomach and the handyman or the artisan the leg. (Nava Jagaran Aur Europe p358). In pahelvi, the word used for Varna is Peshak. These Peshaks ( occupation ) were Astronan (Brahmin), Auteshteran (Rajanya), Vastryoshan (Vaisya) and Hutukhsan (Sudra). These Hutukhsan were artisans and not sevaks or servants. Dasas were called servants. Sudras stood apart from them. Gradually with the decline of prosperity and urban life, the Sudras were dragged into as servants. This form of thought was prevalent in the 3rd century It can easily be concluded that there was no division on the line of casts by birth. We can not also say how the Sudras came to be known as untouchables.

A lot of confusion prevails in reference to Manu Smriti, Law of Conduct, and a judicial theory written about 200 BC. Manu Smriti in (1-5-118) speaks about the liberality in Kalyuga and says, 'He, the most resplendent one, assigned separate duties and occupation to those who sprang from his mouth, arms, thighs and feet.' To Brahmin, he assigned teaching and study of Vedas, Sacrificing for their own benefits and for others, giving and accepting of alms. To Kshatriyas, he commanded to protect the people, to study the Vedas, and abstain from sensual pleasures. The vaisyas were to trend cattle, bestow gifts study Vedas and lend money and cultivate land. He asked the Sudras to do meek service to the above three classes.

It is a rule of conduct and not a religious canon or word of scripture. Manu says that the rule is transcendent law and belongs to social institution of Kalyuga. In the Vedic era, people firmly believed that all are born from the Supreme. Sruti says that the fisherman, gamblers and all such people are divine. There is only one class as there is only one God. Manu says that all men are born unregenerate (Sudra) by their physical birth. They become Dwija (regenerate) by the second birth. Manu Smrit (Ix-14-48) says that,' One becomes a Brahmin by his deeds, not by his family or birth. even a Chandal is a Brahmin, if he is of pure character.' Was not Vashista born of a prostitute? Vyasa was born of a fisher woman and; Parashars from Chandals. It is therefore clear that conduct counts and not the birth. The caste can not stand on birth at all.

The Intent of Varna System

The various stratification of Varna system was meant to settle the Hindu life and regulate the society for a united action. Every society in the world has some form of groups that works for the common cause of social progress and general prosperity. In the various spheres of life, cultural, spiritual, religious, economic, political and social, medical, science and technology and even unskilled workers, there are groups united differently to work for the social cause of all the people. In Hinduism, this division is called Varna System. Each Varna has its social purpose, its own code, norms of behavior and keeps its independent identity. Still each part remains an integral part of the whole. The whole is always present in the part and the part is ever a part of the whole. This is the spirit behind the creation of Varna System. The four Varnas represented the people of wisdom, of action, of compassion and loving feelings, and of service to people. It was not intended to be hereditary and connected with birth. and therefore free interchange and intermixing was liberally permitted.

It is indeed unfortunate that the Varna System came to be connected with the caste System We can not know how and why and when it so happened. It grew up with a sort of spiritual monopoly of a certain group bent upon its material prosperity. It established the class of Brahmin by birth to safeguard their posterity. It is they who created and developed the ideas of inferiority and superiority among the people. This led to discrimination and distinction between various groups of occupations and the degradation of society began and reached so low as there came out people such as untouchables and pariahs. Thus the Varna turned Caste system brought about social degradation and downfall dividing people as low and high and the lowest. The Varna system, so sound and healthy and perfect came to such a pitiable state. It needs a reconstitution at this stage.


India is a developing nation. It has a responsibility to safeguard the rights of people as enshrined in the constitution, irrespective of considerations of caste, creed, color or sex. It is the need of the day that the Hindu scriptures be thrown open to all people of caste and sex so that they may have right understanding of their faith It may lead to the fall of the manmade caste system like a sand hill. When the boundaries of the world are vanishing and there is open mixing of people and ideas, there has to be a ready flow of crossovers among the people as in the past. The watertight compartments only stink. The Hindu society has to be wellknit for the good of the world.

It is a fact that the Buddhists discarded the Vedas to preach against caste system; Kabir followed the same path of denouncing the Hindu scriptures while opposing the casts system. A proper understanding of scriptures can remove the ignorance and illusion. Gandhi and Aurobindo favored Varna system though opposed caste system. Swami Dayananda with authority on Vedas declared that Vedas do not mention about caste system and opposed caste system tooth and nail while defending the scriptures. There is nothing in the scriptures to justify the caste division, only the Varna system exists as an integral part of the whole society. It is not the Caste system at all.

There are people in large majority who realize that the most oppressed people today called as Sudra were really a great adherent of Hinduism. In the Buddhist dominated era, they did not change their religion though the call was in their favor. During the terror rule of Islam for conversion, they did not convert and suffered from the rulers as well as from their own people who called them by many abusive names such as Sudra, chamar. Bhangi. Harijan. Achuta or untouchables and even today remain bracketed in schedule caste and schedule tribes. They had opportunity to convert and be saved from humiliations and insults but they preferred to stay as Hindus and suffer as Hindus.

It is high time we get rid of such abuses and grant same and equal rights to these religious heroes as are enjoyed by the others in the Hindu society. Are they not a part of the whole and is the whole an invalid one? No, we have to restore their dignity as in the Vedic days. We have to treat them as a part of either Brahmin class or as Kshatriya class to which they really belong. The ancestors of Raiyadas were Chanvar Kshatriyas and so are others. Restore them to their past glory and while doing so do not forget to undo what we have done by granting them the prevalent privileges intact for their growth without any restriction. We have to do it. No one else can do it. Do it now and here for unity of Hindu life and religion as we have a duty to rescue the present world from terror, chaos. disbelief and confusion. It is only the Hindu philosophy of unity in Diversity that can bring relief to the confused masses of humanity today.